Perioperative nursing is a specialized nursing field that involves providing care to patients before, during, and after surgical procedures. Perioperative nurses work closely with surgeons, anesthesiologists, and other healthcare professionals to ensure that patients receive the best possible care.
The role of a perioperative nurse begins before the surgical procedure, as they prepare the patient for the operation. They ensure that the patient's medical history is reviewed, all necessary preoperative tests are completed, and the patient is informed of the procedure, including the risks and benefits.
During the surgery, perioperative nurses monitor the patient's vital signs and assist the surgical team as needed. They also manage and maintain the surgical equipment and supplies and ensure that the operating room is sterile.
After the procedure, perioperative nurses continue to monitor the patient's vital signs and assist with any postoperative care needed. This may include administering medications, monitoring the patient for any complications, and providing education to the patient and their family members on postoperative care and wound care.
Perioperative nursing requires specialized knowledge and training in surgical procedures, anesthesia, and patient care. Perioperative nurses may work in a variety of settings, including hospitals, surgical centers, and outpatient clinics. They play a critical role in ensuring the safety and well-being of patients undergoing surgical procedures.